Autoclave and sterilizers are used in the sterilization of equipment use in various fields. Sterilization is the process by which all forms of microbial life such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, spore forms, etc. present on a surface or contained in a fluid are removed. An autoclave or a sterilizer is used in such a process following a tangible method to eliminate the transmissible agents found in aforementioned biological media.
The autoclave sterilizes instruments by subjecting them to high pressure saturated steam at 121 �C for around 15�20 minutes. The automatic process continues depending on the size of the load and the contents typically laboratory glassware, surgical instruments, medical waste, patient pair utensils, animal cage bedding, etc.
The device was invented by Charles Chamberland in 1879 that later, found great application in microbiology, medicine, tattooing, veterinary science, dentistry, and prosthetic.